Overview of taxes in United Kingdom

Below is a very brief summary of taxes in the UK but gives an idea to a businessman who is planning to start a business.

Ongoing Taxes

NameDetailRate
Corporation taxTax on profit the company makesCurrent rate 19% going up to 25% from April 2023 for profits over £250k
Dividend taxTax on dividends received by individual shareholdersFirst £2k tax free then between 7.5% to 38.1%
Payroll (PAYE) tax    Taxes on becoming an employer 
Income taxEmployee paysFirst £12,570 is tax free then between 20% to 45%.
Employee national insuranceEmployee paysFirst £8,840 tax free then 12%
Employer national insuranceEmployer paysFirst 9,568 tax free then 13.8%.

Employment allowance £4k
Value added taxSales tax when turnover crosses £85,000Usually 20%
Business rates          Municipal taxUsually, half of rent


One off taxes

NameDetailRate
Capital Gains TaxTax on the profit when you sell something that is increased in value.First £12,300 tax free then 10% or 20% depending on your income. Tax on sale of residential property is higher.
Inheritance TaxTax on the estate of someone who died.40% over £325,000

Other matters

NameDetailRate
InsuranceMinimum legal requirementEmployer’s Liability Insurance.   Certificate needs to be kept for 40 years.
Minimum WageLegal minimum wageOver 23 years: £8.91 per hour. Lower for younger people

Matters specific to restaurant industry.  

NameDetailRate
Premises LicensePermit to sell alcoholNew license can be a long process. Transfer is usually free and annual fee less than £1k p.a.
Music LicensePermit to play background musicAnnual fee under £1k p.a.

Set up a business – GOV.UK (www.gov.uk)

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